AMOXYCILLIN

Amoxil, Ibiamox

Reviewed by Dr Carl Kuschel, Brenda Hughes, Dr Arthur Morris, Rob Ticehurst, and Robyn Wilkinson
February 2001
Dose and Pharmacology Newborn Drug Protocol Index Newborn Services Home Page

Management of Amoxycillin Administration

Description

Prescription

Administration

Slow IV Injection

  1. Reconstitute with water to 250 mg/ml immediately prior to use.
 

Amoxycillin 500mg

Amoxycillin 1gram

Powder Space

0.4ml 0.8ml

Water to be added

1.6ml 3.2ml
  500mg in 2.0ml 1gram in 4.0ml
  1. Shake vigorously. Filter before administration through a 0.2 micron Pall filter.
  2. Does not require further dilution.
  3. Administer by slow IV injection over 3-5 minutes.
  4. Compatible with sodium chloride 0.9%, dextrose 5% . Use within 1 hour following reconsititution.
  5. Do NOT mix with other drugs, IV solutions, blood or blood products.
  6. Flush line with sodium chloride 0.9% before and after infusion of amoxycillin.

Nursing Considerations

  1. Observe for signs of adverse effects.
  2. Observe IV site carefully during administration.
  3. Observe for signs of renal, hepatic or haematological dysfunction during prolonged therapy.

Storage

References

1

Prober CG, Stevenson DK, Benitz E. The use of antibiotics in neonates weighing less than 1200 grams. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1990; 9:111
2 Kaplan JM, McCracken GH, Horton LJ, et al: Pharmacologic studies in neonates given large dosages of ampicillin. J Pediatr 1974; 84:571.
3 Axline SG, Yaffe SJ, Simon HJ: Clinical pharmacology of antimicrobials in premature infants: II. Ampicillin, methicillin, oxacillin, neomycin, and colistin. Pediatrics 1967; 39:97.
4 Young TE, Magnum OB, Neofax. A manual of drugs used in neonatal care. 10th Edition 1997, p8-9.
5 The Northern Neonatal Network Neonatal Formulary. BMJ Books 2nd Edition 1998, p47.
6 Mehta DK (ed).  British National Formulary (BNF 39; March 2000).  London: British Medical Association and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society, 2000.
7 Reynolds JEF (ed).  Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (31st edition).  Royal Pharmaceutical Society, 1996: London
8 Charles BG, Preechagoon Y, Lee TC, Steer PA, Flenady V, Debuse N.  Population pharmacokinetics of intravenous amoxycillin in very low birth weight infants.  J Pharmac Sciences 1997; 86(11):1288-92.
9 Huisman-de Boer J, Van den Anken J, Vogel M, Goessens W, Schoemaker RC, Groot R.  Amoxicillin pharmacokinetics in preterm infants with gestational ages of less than 32 weeks.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1995; 39:431-4.