Abbreviations in Use in Newborn Services


Reviewed by Charge Nurse - Newborn and Carl Kuschel
Clinical Guidelines Back Newborn Services Home Page


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Apex beat

N10 Newborn intravenous nutrition 10% dextrose
ABG Arterial blood gas Na+ Sodium
AGA Appropriate for gestational age NaHCO3 Sodium bicarbonate
AMSIS Auckland Maternity Service Information System NBF Neville Barnes forceps
APH Antepartum haemorrhage NBM Nil by mouth
ARM Artificial rupture of membranes NEC Necrotising enterocolitis
ASD Atrial septal defect NG Nasogastric
AXR Abdominal x-ray NICU Newborn intensive care unit
BE Base excess NIF National Women’s infant formula
BP Blood pressure NO Nitric oxide
BPD Bronchopulmonary dysplasia NO2 Nitrogen dioxide
BW Birthweight NND Neonatal death
Ca++ Calcium NP Nasophargyneal
CCN Clinical Charge Nurse N.PR Nasal prongs
CDH Congenital diahragmatic hernia NSA Normal serum albumin
CHD Congenital heart disease NVD Normal vaginal delivery
CLD Chronic lung disease OA On admission
CMV Cytomegalovirus OG Orogastric
CNC Clinical Nurse Consultant OT Operating theatre
CO2 Carbon dioxide OTT Orotracheal tube
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure P5 Premature baby intravenous nutrition 5% dextrose
CVL Central venous line P7.5 Premature baby intravenous nutrition 7.5% dextrose
CVP Central venous pressure P10 Premature baby intravenous nutrition 10% dextrose
CXR Chest x-ray PaCO2 Partial pressure arterial carbon dioxide
D5W Dextrose 5% in water PaO2 Partial pressure arterial oxygen
D10W Dextrose 10% in water Paw Mean airway pressure
DDH Developmental dysplasia of the hips PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation PEEP Positive end expiratory pressure
DU Delivery unit PIE Pulmonary interstitial emphysema
EBM Expressed Breast Milk PIN Parent Infant Nursery
ECG Electrocardiogram PIP Peak inspiratory pressure
EDD Estimated date of delivery PINSP Peak inspiratory pressure
EEG Electro-encephalogram PPH Postpartum haemorrhage
ELBW Extremely low birthweight PPHN Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

Expiratory time

PPROM Prelabour premature rupture of the membranes
ETA Estimated time of arrival PROM Prolonged rupture of membranes
ETT Endotracheal tube PSV Pressure support ventilation
FAS Fetal alcohol syndrome PTU Phototherapy unit
FEBM Fortified expressed breast milk PVH Periventricular haemorrhage
FDP Freeze dried plasma PVL or PVLM Periventricular leucomalacia
FFP Fresh frozen plasma RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
FH Fetal heart Resp Respiration
FiO2 Fraction of inspired oxygen RHT Radiant heat table
FLN Family Liaison Nurse ROP Retinopathy of prematurity
FLP Fresh lyophilised plasma RSV Respiratory synctival virus
FRC Functional residual capacity RV Residual volume
GPH Gestational proteinuria & hypertension SpO2 Oxygen saturation
HFOV High frequency oscillatory ventilation SBR Serum bilirubin
HIE Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy SGA Small for gestational age
HMD Hyaline membrane disease SIMV

Synchronised IMV

HPU Has passed urine SIPPV Synchronised IPPV
HR Heart rate SFD Small for dates
IA Intra-arterial SLE Systemic lupus erythematosis
ICP Intracranial pressure SRM Spontaneous rupture of membranes
IDM Infant of diabetic mother SVD Spontaneous vaginal delivery
IDDM Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus T or Temp Temperature
IE Ratio Inspiratory/expiratory ratio TAPVD Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
IFD Intermediate fetal death TBW Total body water
IMV Intermittent mandatory ventilation TCM Transcutaneous monitoring
Inc Incubator TE Expiratory Time
IPPV Intermittent positive pressure ventilation TGA Transposition of the great vessels
IT Inspiratory time TI Inspiratory Time
IUCD Intrauterine contraceptive device TLC Total lung capacity
IUD Intrauterine death Tet Tetralogy of Fallot
IUGR Intrauterine growth restriction TOF Tracheal oesophageal fistula
IV Intravenous TTN Transient tachypnoea of the newborn
IVH Intraventricular haemorrhage TV Tidal volume
IVN Intravenous nutrition UAC Umbilical arterial catheter
IWL Insensible water loss UVC Umbilical venous catheter
K+ Potassium VC Vital capacity
KCL Potassium chloride VG Volume Guarantee
LBW Low birthweight VLBW Very low birthweight
LFT Liver function test V/Q Ventilation perfusion
LGA Large for gestational age VSD Ventricular septal defect
LMP Last menstrual period VT Tidal Volume
LP Lumbar puncture Vx Vertex
LSCS Lower segment caesarean section ZIG Zoster immune globulin
MAP Mean arterial pressure    
MAS Meconium aspiration syndrome    
Mec Meconium    
Mv Minute volume