Abbreviations in Use in Newborn Services


Reviewed by Clinical Practice Committee
Clinical Guidelines Back Newborn Services Home Page


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Apex beat

Na+ Sodium
ABG Arterial blood gas NaHCO3 Sodium bicarbonate
aEEG Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram NIV Non invasive ventilation
Ampl Amplitude NEC Necrotising enterocolitis
APH Antepartum haemorrhage NG Nasogastric
ARM Artificial rupture of membranes NICU Newborn intensive care unit
ASD Atrial septal defect NIF National Women’s infant formula
AXR Abdominal x-ray NIPPV Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation
AGA Appropriate for gestational age NBM Nil by mouth
BE Base excess NO Nitric oxide
BP Blood pressure NO2 Nitrogen dioxide
BPD Bronchopulmonary dysplasia NND Neonatal death
BW Birthweight NP Nasophargyneal
Ca++ Calcium NC Nasal cannula
CCN Clinical Charge Nurse NSA Normal serum albumin
CDH Congenital diahragmatic hernia NVD Normal vaginal delivery
CHD Congenital heart disease OA On admission
CLD Chronic lung disease OG Orogastric
CMV Cytomegalovirus OT Operating theatre
CNC Clinical Nurse Consultant OTT Orotracheal tube
CO2 Carbon dioxide PaCO2 Partial pressure arterial carbon dioxide
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure PaO2 Partial pressure arterial oxygen
CVL Central venous line Paw Mean airway pressure
CVP Central venous pressure PC-AC Pressure control assist control
CXR Chest x-ray PC-CMV Pressure control continuous mandatory ventilation
D5W Dextrose 5% in water PC-HFO Pressure control high frequency ventilation
D10W Dextrose 10% in water PC-PSV Pressure control pressure support ventialtion
DDH Developmental dysplasia of the hips PC-SIMV Pressure control synchronised mandatory ventilation
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
DU Delivery unit PEEP Positive end expiratory pressure
EBM Expressed Breast Milk PIE Pulmonary interstitial emphysema
ECG Electrocardiogram PIN Parent Infant Nursery
EDD Estimated date of delivery PIP Peak inspiratory pressure
EEG Electro-encephalogram PINSP Peak inspiratory pressure
ELBW Extremely low birthweight PN Parental nutrition

Emergency lower segment caesarean section

PPH Postpartum haemorrhage
ET Expiratory time PPHN Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
ETA Estimated time of arrival PPROM Prelabour premature rupture of the membranes
ETT Endotracheal tube PROM Prolonged rupture of membranes
FAS Fetal alcohol syndrome PS Pressure Support
FEBM Fortified expressed breast milk PSV Pressure support ventilation
FFP Fresh frozen plasma PTU Phototherapy unit
FHR Fetal heart rate PVH Periventricular haemorrhage
FiO2 Fraction of inspired oxygen PVL or PVLM Periventricular leucomalacia
FLN Family Liaison Nurse RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
FRC Functional residual capacity Resp Respiration
Freq Frequency ROP Retinopathy of prematurity
GPH Gestational proteinuria & hypertension RSV Respiratory synctival virus
HFOV High frequency oscillatory ventilation RV Residual volume
HHFNC Humidified high flow nasal cannula SpO2 Oxygen saturation
HIE Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy SBR Serum bilirubin
HMD Hyaline membrane disease SGA Small for gestational age
HPU Has passed urine SIMV

Synchronised Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation

HR Heart rate SIPPV Synchronised Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation
IA Intra-arterial SFD Small for dates
ICP Intracranial pressure SLE Systemic lupus erythematosis
IDM Infant of diabetic mother SRM Spontaneous rupture of membranes
IDDM Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus SUDI Sudden unexpected death in infancy
IE Ratio Inspiratory/expiratory ratio SVD Spontaneous vaginal delivery
IFD Intermediate fetal death T or Temp Temperature
IMV Intermittent mandatory ventilation TAPVD Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
Inc Incubator TBW Total body water
IPPV Intermittent positive pressure ventilation TCM Transcutaneous monitoring
IT Inspiratory time TE Expiratory Time
IUCD Intrauterine contraceptive device TGA Transposition of the great vessels
IUD Intrauterine death TI Inspiratory Time
IUGR Intrauterine growth restriction TLC Total lung capacity
IV Intravenous Tet Tetralogy of Fallot
IVF In vitro fertilisation TOF Tracheal oesophageal fistula
LF Low flow TTN Transient tachypnoea of the newborn
IVH Intraventricular haemorrhage TV Tidal volume
IVN Intravenous nutrition UAC Umbilical arterial catheter
IWL Insensible water loss UVC Umbilical venous catheter
K+ Potassium VC Vital capacity
KCL Potassium chloride VC Volume control
LBW Low birthweight VG Volume Guarantee
LF Low flow VLBW Very low birthweight
LFT Liver function test V/Q Ventilation perfusion
LGA Large for gestational age VSD Ventricular septal defect
LMP Last menstrual period VT Tidal Volume
LP Lumbar puncture Vx Vertex
LSCS Lower segment caesarean section ZIG Zoster immune globulin
MAP Mean arterial pressure    
MAP Mean Airway Pressure    
MAS Meconium aspiration syndrome    
Mec Meconium    
Mv Minute volume