FLUCLOXACILLIN

Floxapen, Flucloxin

Reviewed by Clinical Practice Committee
July 2012
Administration Newborn Drug Protocol Index Newborn Services Home Page

 

Dose and Administration

  1. 25-50mg/kg/dose by slow IV injection, IM or PO.
Postmenstrual Age
(weeks)
Postnatal Age
(days)
Dose Interval
(hours)
≤29 0 to 28 12
> 28 8
30 to 36 0 to 14 12
> 14 8
37 to 44 0 to 7 12
> 7 8
≥45 All 8

Indications

  1. Empirical therapy for infants with suspected coagulase negative staphylococcal sepsis but resistance is now increasingly common. May be administered in combination with amoxycillin and amikacin until culture results available.
  2. Skin and soft tissue infections.
  3. Bone and joint infections.

Contraindications and Precautions

    1. Hypersensitivity to penicillins/cephalosporins.
    2. Caution in preterm infants, especially extreme immaturity.
    3. Caution in infants with liver, renal or gastrointestinal disease.

Clinical Pharmacology

Semi-synthetic narrow spectrum bacteriocidal antibiotic with considerable activity against penicillinase producing coagulase negative staphylococci and Staphylococcus aureus. Has little activity against gram negative bacilli. Action through inhibition of biosynthesis of cell wall mucopeptides.

Well absorbed after oral administration, although absorption is reduced in the presence of food and unpredictable in neonates. Widely distributed at varying concentrations in human body tissues and fluids. Very little passes into the CSF unless the meninges are inflamed. Highly bound (92%) to human plasma proteins. Excreted, mainly unchanged, by the kidney. Tubular excretion is inhibited by probenecid.

Possible Adverse Effects

  1. Venous irritation, soft tissue injury at site of IV injection.
  2. Pain, soft tissue injury at site of IM injection.
  3. Gastrointestinal disturbance (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea).
  4. Non-specific rashes and skin eruptions.
  5. Fever, pruritus, urticaria.
  6. Seizures (encephalopathy with high doses greater than 400 mg/kg/day).

Special Considerations

  1. May give concurrently with aminoglycoside therapy for synergistic effect. Administer separately as simultaneous administration may cause inactivation, and precipitation.
  2. Adjust dose in suspected renal dysfunction (usually by lengthening the dosing interval).
  3. Sodium content: Flucloxin 3.9mmol/gm, Floxapen 3.3mmol/gm